This environment was used for the first time to provide interactive and instructional programs via social media and chat rooms to promote healthy lifestyle among people with HIV infection Using such technologies also help to extend sympathy and promote unity among social groups with similar conditions Internet Games: Fascinating games can motivate patients, promote therapies for mental disorders and can potentially lead to changes in abnormal behaviors. Using internet games in some cases can even serve as a remedy for some mental disorders, such as hyperactivity, autism and aggressive personality Studies have suggested that telemental health care has promising potentials to fill the existing gaps between the current needs and innovations for future within the expected constraints.
The future innovations may fall under four major headings: data provision; screening and evaluation; interventions; and social support Many of these services may be simultaneously offered at mental health centers. Regarding data provision, it is essential that they are analyzed and the quality is assured before making them available to mental health care clinicians. Currently, screening and evaluation tools are Internet-based, facilitating information access and utilization by practitioners serving mental health centers in many nations. Findings from literature reviews suggest that web-based capabilities lead to excellent coherence and reliable results for mental health services.
Web-Based Applications in Healthcare and Biomedicine - Google книги
They provide comprehensive and up-to-date information for use by patients, either individually or in groups 54 , Social support networks offered through telemental health care are available in different web-based formats, such as group discussions, commercial bulletins, weblogs, chat rooms and other networks. In general, telemental health care consists of three types: a Based on disease phases i.
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Unlike conventional therapies, telemental health care is available for both individuals and groups. Recent studies suggest that the cost, efficacy, usefulness and profits on the investment, warrant establishing telemental health care services in many institutions 20 , 46 , 56 , In summary, the major advantages of telemental health care include improved access, reduced costs, flexibility under most circumstances, and interactive sessions between clients and clinicians 54 , Telemental health care is particularly warranted for under-developed communities and nations where these services are not available locally.
Key concerns about telemental health care are: a necessary skills to use the technologies by both the clinicians and patients; b necessary investment for establishing the equipment and periodic upgrades; c subscribing to Internet services; and, d regular evaluation of the service and its efficacy Concerns also exist about marginalizing clients with physical and cognitive disabilities who are unable to use the equipment properly, making in-person services as the only feasible choice. Another concern is the lack of stable signals or access to Internet, that may make telemental health services unpopular National and international authorities are in the process of developing standards for web-based professional and medical services 60 , Our findings indicate that telemental health care is cost effective and can lead to efficient and adaptable solutions to the care of patients with mental illnesses, with promising outcomes.
The institutions currently providing or planning to provide this service are strongly advised to benefit from the feedback collected from both clients and clinicians, if successful outcomes are expected. Since a large majority of studies have attested to the efficiency, low costs and usefulness, telemental health care is the next logical step to delivering a state-of-the-art care to mental patients alongside the conventional care, especially in under-developed communities and nations. Considering the potentials of telemental health care, further research is required to evaluate its current applications and to explore its future promises.
Acta Inform Med. PMID: Mostafa Langarizadeh , 1 Mohsen S. Tehran, Iran Find articles by Mostafa Langarizadeh.
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Mohsen S. Tehran, Iran Find articles by Mohsen S. Tehran, Iran Find articles by Majid Naghipour. Arak, Iran Find articles by Alireza Rostami. Tehran, Iran Find articles by Fatemeh Moghbeli. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Arak, Iran. Corresponding author: Mohsen S. E-mail: moc. Received Sep 27; Accepted Nov 9. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background and Objectives: Due to the high costs of conventional mental health care, there has been a rise in the application of web-based technologies in recent years, i.
Results: The findings revealed that telemental health care is an extended domain supportive of conventional mental health services. Conclusions: Telemental health care can provide effective and adaptable solutions to the care of mental illnesses universally. Keywords: telemental health, applications, mental disorders, telemedicine, tele-psychiatry. We identified relevant articles, 25 of which contained all of the following selection criteria: Studied various applications of telemental health care, particularly in under-developed communities.
Were indexed by one or more of the selected databases. Table 1 Applications and potential uses of telemental health care. Open in a separate window.
RESULTS For brevity and conciseness, the current applications of telemental health care, as extracted from the 25 reviewed articles, have been presented in Table 1. Capabilities 1. Specific Designs 1. These include: Abiding by the national and international regulations. Basing system development on acceptable theoretical models of mental health care. Available Technologies 1. Advantages Studies have suggested that telemental health care has promising potentials to fill the existing gaps between the current needs and innovations for future within the expected constraints.
Ethics, Medicine, and Information Technology
Challenges Key concerns about telemental health care are: a necessary skills to use the technologies by both the clinicians and patients; b necessary investment for establishing the equipment and periodic upgrades; c subscribing to Internet services; and, d regular evaluation of the service and its efficacy Acknowledgement The authors are grateful to the medical library and staff of School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, for their valuable assistance with this study.
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Annals of Information Systems
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